Pembrokeshire

Introduction

Times of high water

Aberporth: High water is 1 hours and 35 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Poppit Sands: High water is 1 hours and 5 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Newport: High water is 1 hours and 20 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Fishguard: High water is 1 hours after high water at Milford Haven

Aber Mawr: High water is 1 hours and 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Porthgain: High water is 50 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Whitesands Bay: High water is 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

St. Martin's Haven: High water is 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Tenby: High water is 15 minutes before high water at Milford Haven

Ramsey Island: High water is 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Solva: High water is 15 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Little Haven: High water is 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Haverfordwest: High water is 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Daugleddau, near Lawrenny: High water is 20 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

Milford Haven: Milford Haven is a standard port.

Stackpole Quay: High water is 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven

West Angle Bay: High water is 5 minutes before high water at Milford Haven

Tidal streams

Between Aberporth and New Quay: The north-east going stream begins at 2 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The south-west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs. A small race can form off Ynys Lochtyn.

Between Aberporth and Cardigan Island: The east going stream begins at 2 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The streams are not significant.

Between Cardigan Island and the Mainland: The north-east going stream begins at 2 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The south-west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2 knots at springs.

Between Cardigan and Newport Bay: The north-east going stream begins at 2 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The south-west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The streams are not significant.

Dinas Head: The east going stream begins at 2 hours and 5 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The east going stream reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs. The west going stream reaches a speed of 1.5 knots at springs. Tidal streams are not significant in the bays either side of Dinas Head

Inshore stream east of Dinas Head: Between Needle Rock and Llech Isaf: The tidal stream here flows west north-west reaching a maximum speed of 2 knots at springs. Overfalls may form off Llech Isaf. This stream probably occurs during the middle of the west-going stream.

In Fishguard Bay: An eddy forms here, with the following flows: The east south-east going stream begins at 4 hours and 50 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west north-west going stream begins at 1 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The east south-east going stream reaches a speed of 0.7 knots at springs. The west north-west going stream reaches a speed of 0.5 knots at springs.

Coast west of Fishguard Bay: Off Pen Angles: The east going stream begins at 2 hours and 30 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 20 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The east going stream reaches a speed of 1.7 knots at springs. The west going stream reaches a speed of 1.9 knots at springs. Note that the flow here is affected by an eddy forming behind Stumble Head, causing the flow to be westerly for much of the time.

West of Strumble Head: The tidal stream here flows north north-east reaching a maximum speed of 2.5 knots at springs. The stream runs strongly off Penbwchdy and Pen Brush. Streams probably run north here for much of the tidal cycle due to an eddy behind Strumble Head.

Strumble Head: The east north-east going stream begins at 2 hours and 15 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west south-west going stream begins at 4 hours and 40 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2 knots at springs. Substantial races can form. Races form on the east-going flow off Carreg Onnen and Ynys Meicel. On the west-going flow, races form between Pen Caer and Ynys Meicel.

Between Abereiddy and Aber Mawr: The east north-east going stream begins at 2 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west south-west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2.5 knots at springs. Flows are weak in the bays, but can be strong off headlands, causing races off Ynys Deullyn, between Port gain and Penclegyr and around Cerrig Gwyllan.

St. Davids head to Abereiddy: The east north-east going stream begins at 2 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west south-west going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2.5 knots at springs. Flows are weak in bays but can be strong off headlands. Races may form at Carreg-gwylan-fach and St. Davids Head. On the south-west going stream a race forms at Penllechwen. A north-east going eddy can form close inshore to St. Davids Head, running for an hour after the main flow has turned south west.

Between Ramsey Island and the Bishops and Clerks: The north north-east going stream begins at 2 hours and 55 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south south-west going stream begins at 3 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 5 knots at springs. A large area of rough water can form when the tide is flowing strongly in this area.

Ramsey Sound: The north going stream begins at 3 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south going stream begins at 3 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 4.3 knots at springs. The flow can reach 6 knots in the narrowest part of the Sound. A tidal rapid forms around The Bitches Rocks.

Eddy near Trwyn Sion Owen: A strong north-west going stream occurs here at the start of the south-going stream.

Eddy on east coast of Ramsey: During the north-going stream, an eddy forms downstream of the Bitches on the east coast of Ramsey. During the south-going stream, a north-going eddy runs towards Trwyn Ogof Hen.

Horse Rock: Roughly halfway between St. Justininans and the small harbour just to the north of the Bitches on Ramsey, is a drying pinnacle called Horse Rock. On the north-going stream, considerable turbulence and a whirlpool occurs here. Keep well away!

Eddy on east side of Ramsey Sound: On the north-going flow, an eddy flows south from Point St. John to Penmaen Melyn. On the south-going flow, an eddy runs from Porthstinian to Point St. John.

West side of Ramsey: The tide flows north and south south-east. The north going stream reaches a speed of 3.3 knots at springs. The south south-east going stream reaches a speed of 2.2 knots at springs. The north-going stream runs strongly around Carreg Gwylan and Trwyn Bendro. The south-going stream is strong around Trwyn-drain-du, Trwynllundain and Carreg Gwylan. However, it is normally possible to make progress along the west side of Ramsey in the opposite direction to the stream by using inshore eddies.

Between Porthclais and Newgale: Streams are below 1 knot. Streams increase in speed to the west of Porthclais, running fast around Carreg Fran and Porthaflod

Newgale to Little Haven: No significant streams. There may be a slightly southerly flow around 3 hours before high water at Milford Haven.

West of Little Haven: In Goultrop Roads: The east going stream begins at 5 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 2 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs. The west-going flow continues for 9 and a half hours.

Jack Sound: The north going stream begins at 4 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south going stream begins at 2 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 6 knots at springs. Strong eddies form behind Midland Isle and Tusker Rock. Eddies can often be used to pass upstream through the sounds. Considerable overfalls forms here.

West of Skomer and Skokholm: The north going stream begins at 2 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 4.5 knots at springs. The Wildgoose Race forms off the west side of Skokholm - it can be violent on Springs when the flow opposes the wind. A less turbulent race forms north east of Skokholm. Overfalls form off the west of Skomer.

East of Skokholm: The south-east going stream begins at 4 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The north-west going stream begins at 1 hours and 55 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 3 knots at springs.

Eddy south of Gatesholm: An eddy forms here, with the following flows: The tide flows south-east and north-west. The flow reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs.

Inshore, west of St. Ann's Head: The south-east going stream begins at 3 hours and 15 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The north-west going stream begins at 3 hours and 10 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south-east going stream reaches a speed of 4.5 knots at springs. The north-west going stream reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs.

Off St. Ann's Head: The south-east going stream begins at 3 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The north-west going stream begins at 3 hours and 20 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south-east going stream reaches a speed of 2 knots at springs. The north-west going stream reaches a speed of 1.8 knots at springs. These streams presumably run across the entrance to Milford Haven.

Entrance to Milford Haven: West of West Blockhouse Point: The north north-east going stream begins at 5 hours and 55 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south south-west going stream begins at 20 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs.

Milford Haven, near A4139 Cleddau bridge: The east going stream begins at 6 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2.5 knots at springs. To the west of the bridge, in the area north of Pembroke Dock, the stream mainly follows the channel. A strong eddy forms during the west-going flow near Hazelbeach.

Milford Haven, near entrance to Pembroke River: The east going stream begins at 6 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 15 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The east going stream reaches a speed of 1.8 knots at springs. The west going stream reaches a speed of 1.9 knots at springs.

Milford Haven, North of the refinery at Rhoscrowther: The east going stream begins at 6 hours and 10 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 5 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The east going stream reaches a speed of 1.4 knots at springs. The west going stream reaches a speed of 1.2 knots at springs.

Milford Haven, South of Stack Rock: The east going stream begins at 5 hours and 50 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 15 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The east going stream reaches a speed of 1.4 knots at springs. The west going stream reaches a speed of 1.2 knots at springs.

North of Linney Head: The stream is almost continuously south-going. At and past Linney head, the stream heads south-east and north-west to and from Crow Rock. There can be rough water at Linney Head.

Freshwater West: The stream here heads south-south east almost constantly.

St. Govan's Head and Stackpole Head: The north-east going stream begins at 4 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The south-west going stream begins at 2 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 3 knots at springs. The streams run across the bay between the two headlands.

Caldey Sound: The east north-east going stream begins at 4 hours and 55 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The west south-west going stream begins at 1 hours and 10 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The east north-east going stream reaches a speed of 2.6 knots at springs. The west south-west going stream reaches a speed of 2.2 knots at springs.

Between Caldey and Tenby: The north north-east going stream begins at 4 hours and 50 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The south south-west going stream begins at 1 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1.4 knots at springs.

Off the south east side of Caldey: The north-east going stream begins at 6 hours and 10 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south-west going stream begins at 10 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1.5 knots at springs.

Off Tenby: The north going stream begins at 4 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The south going stream begins at 1 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 1 knots at springs.

Teifi Entrance: The south-east going stream begins at 3 hours and 25 minutes after high water at Holyhead. The north-west going stream begins at 3 hours and 30 minutes before high water at Holyhead. Weak within the bay, but increasing in strength in the shallows, and strong in the narrow parts of the channel, especially at the entrance narrows by Pen yr Ergyd. Heavy surf can form over the bar. At low water, the estuary is entered by the hotel on the east side into a buoyed channel.

West of the Bishops: The north going stream begins at 2 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The south going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 2 knots at springs.

Near Gwahan: The south-going stream divides near Gwahan, one stream running into Ramsey sound, the other running around the west side of Ramsey. An eddy forms behind the island, which can be a convenient stopping place if heading to the west of Ramsey from Whitesands Bay.

Eddy south of The Bitches: On the south-going flow, an eddy runs from Ynys Cantwr to The Bitches.

Twyll y Dillyn and Twyll y Gwyddel: The east going stream begins at 2 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 5 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. These times are uncertain. The streams runs strongly here, reportedly up to 6 knots. It can certainly be difficult, if not impossible, to paddle against the west-going flow. If the group cannot make the short, but challenging, move up these channels, two options remain for entering Ramsey Sound. If Twll y Gwyddel (the gap north of Ynys Cantwr) is dry, it is reportedly possible to portage through here. The second option is paddle around Ynys Bery. Be aware that the stream runs strongly around the south tip (although not as strongly as through the gap) and the stream runs south along half of the island's east coast during the north-going stream, due to this stream splitting in the vicinity of Ynys Eilun.

Broad Sound: Between Skomer and Skokholm: The east going stream begins at 4 hours and 30 minutes after high water at Milford Haven. The west going stream begins at 1 hours and 55 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 3 knots at springs.

South coast of Skomer: The flow around the south tip of Skomer is almost constantly westerly. It flows strongly from around 3 hours before high water at Milford Haven until 3 hours after high water at Milford Haven. Overfalls can form around the Mew Stone.

North east coast of Skomer: The flow here is almost constantly north westerly. It is strongest inshore between 3 hours after and 6 hours after high water at Milford Haven. Overfalls may form around the Garland Stone.

Between Crow Rock and St. Govan's Head: The east south-east going stream begins at 4 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The west north-west going stream begins at 3 hours and 25 minutes before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 4 knots at springs. The stream here turns earlier than St. Govan's Head as an inshore eddy forms, running north west, during the last of the offshore south-east flow.

Between Stackpole Head and Caldey: The east north-east going stream begins at 5 hours after high water at Milford Haven. The west south-west going stream begins at 1 hours before high water at Milford Haven. The flow reaches a speed of 3 knots at springs.

Notes

MOD Aberporth Range: MOD (ex DERA) Aberporth has a vast range spanning a large proportion of the Irish Sea. Kayakers sticking to the coastline likely only need to be aware of the danger area immediately around Pencribach (Cribach Bay to Carreg Wynt). Contact 01239 813480 or 01239 813760 or VHF channel 11 or 16, callsign 'Aberporth Marine Control'. See Qinetiq website.

Castlemartin Firing Range: Extends from the car park at Freshwater west to Broad Haven beach (Trefalen). Firing times can be obtained from a recorded message at 01646 662367, range control at 01646 662336 or VHF 16 or the gate house 01646 662280. Info online here.

Castle Head Range, Manorbier: Firing times can be obtained from the range on 01834 870105 and 01834871282 or from a recorded message on 01834 870098 or online.

Penally Range: Firing times from a recorded message on 01834 843522 or the camp office on 01834 845950. A safety boat patrols the area during firing, and they may come to chat with kayakers in the area. It is possible to paddle close inshore around the west tip of Caldey (St. Margaret's Island) without entering the range danger area.

Fishguard Harbourmaster: May be contacted on VHF channel 14 or 01348 873369. Alternatively, you can obtain the ferry departure times from Stena Line: 08705 707070 or 08705 755755 or their website .

Milford Haven harbour: Information on Milford Haven Harbour is available at www.mhpa.co.uk. The harbourmaster is on VHF channel 12, and it is sensible to monitor this. All craft must keep 100 m away from the petroleum jetties. There are several waterskiing and jet ski areas in the harbour - see the website.

Access/Egress

Cwmtydu: (SN 356 575) g Small car park by the shingle beach. A larger car park, just up the road, has public toilets.

Llangrannog: (SN 311 542) g Car park by the beach. There is a large car park around 800m up the road if this is full.

Aberporth: (SN 258 515) g A ramp leads down to the beach from the car park. In summer, car parks operate on the outskirts of the village.

Mwnt: (SN 193 519) g Large car park at the top of the cliffs. Long and steep carry down 140 steps to the beach. Not a great access point.

East side of the Teifi, boatyards: (SN 163 486) g A track leads past boatyards to the beach. Possible to park on beach. Access possible at all states of the tide.

Newport: (SN 052 397) g The Parrog car park has slipways to access the water. Note that there is a bar across the river entrance, and that the river is entered at the very west end of the bay at low water.

Ceibwr: (SN 110 456) g Limited parking in a small layby, from which a track leads down to the beach.

Fishguard Lower Town: (SM 963 372) g Car park near the bridge with access to the water at high water. At low water, there is a slipway at the end of the harbour, where boats can be dropped or picked up. The car park can flood at high tides.

Abercastle: (SM 853 337) g Small car park by slipway onto beach.

Abereiddy: (SM 798 313) g Parking on the beach and nearby. Following erosion and heavy use by tourists, the situation is evolving and a charge to park is likely.

Whitesands Bay: (SM 734 272) g Large car park by the beach. Popular in summer.

Porth Clais: (SM 741 241) g National Trust car park a short distance from slipways in a long inlet. Much of the inlet dries at low water, making for a carry of up to 400m.

Solva: (SM 805 243) g Paid car park at the head of the inlet, which can be busy in summer. A slipway here provides access to the sea at high water. At lower water, boats can be dropped at a small shingle beach on the north shore of the harbour on the road down to the sailing club.

Newgale: (SM 849 218) g Several car parks near the beach. The steep beach can make landing difficult near high water.

Nolton Haven: (SM 859 186) g Large car park set just back from the beach.

Broad Haven: (SM 861 140) g Large car park a 120 m walk from the north end of the beach.

Little Haven: (SM 857 129) g Slipway onto beach. Public car park 100 m to the south.

St. Brides Haven: (SM 802 109) g Parking on grass on the north side of the churchyard, a short carry to the beach.

Martin's Haven: (SM 760 091) g Large car park 200 m up the road from a small beach. It may be possible to drop boats closer to the water.

Dale: (SM 812 058) g Car park by the beach. Pontoon and slipway, allowing access at almost all states of the tide. Can be busy.

Sandy Haven: (SM 857 074) g Car park with height barrier with narrow lane down to the river and beach.

Angle Bay East: (SM 897 021) g Limited parking by the road or in a layby. Best near high water - much mud and sand exposed at low water.

Neyland pontoon: (SM 963 048) g Car park and pontoon on Trafalgar Terrace next to yacht club.

Hobbs Point: (SM 968 042) g Small car park with slipway and pontoon. Usable 5 hours either side of high water.

East Lannion: (SM 982 042) g Large car park, with slipway usable at all states of the tide.

Black Tar Point: (SM 999 095) g Slipway usable 3 hours either side of high water. Limited parking a little way up the lane.

West Angle Bay: (SM 853 031) g Large beach car park.

Broad Haven: (SR 977 939) g Car park above beach, 100 m carry down to beach down some (not terribly steep) concrete steps.

Freshwater East: (SS 017 978) g Car parks near a short wide path down to the beach.

Manorbier: (SS 061 976) g Large car park about 250 m from the beach. It may be possible to drop boats 100 m closer. The beach can be popular with surfers.

Llanina Point: (SN 405 598) g Car parking in the woods near Llanina church. A couple of hundred yards along a path by the stream to the beach.

Cei Bach: (SN 409 597) g Campsite, car park and toilets, steep carry down to the beach.

New Quay: (SN 390 601) g Access by slipway or onto the beach. Car parks around 300m away up the hill. Likely busy in summer.

Penbryn: (SN 293 524) g Boats can be dropped at the turning area by the beach. National Trust car park 500 metres up the road.

Tresaith: (SN 278 515) g Slipway onto beach, with very limited space for parking, or indeed turning. More parking in a field at the top of the village.

Poppit Sands: (SN 152 486) g Large car park. Carry to the water is around 250 m at high water, but can be 500 m at low water.

West bank of the Teifi: (SN 158 482) g Limited parking on the grass verge. Access over the salt marsh, may be easier than Poppit Sands, especially at low water, if the mud can be avoided.

East side of Teifi, roadside slip: (SN 165 485) g A slipway leads off the road. It is possible to park on the road here. Launching is possible at all states of the tide, although you may have to drag the boat some distance at low water.

Newport Sands: (SN 054 405) g Pay and display car park by the beach. Can be popular with surfers.

Cilgerran, Teifi: (SN 198 430) g Large parking area for those wishing to explore upstream on the Teifi.

Newport bridge: (SN 062 394) g Parking by the road at the south end of the bridge. Access via a small grassy area adjacent to the road. Best at high water - it may not be possible to reach this point below half tide.

Cwm-yr-Eglwys: (SN 015 401) g Small paid car park a short carry from a small beach. Can be busy in summer.

Pwllgwaelod: (SN 005 399) g Car park a short walk from the beach. Likely busy in summer.

Goodwick: (SM 948 380) g Parking near a slipway in the harbour. Dries at low water, exposing a large area of mud and sand.

Aber Mawr: (SM 884 348) g Limited roadside parking near the end of the lane. 300 metre carry down a path to the beach.

Aber Bach: (SM 884 350) g Very limited roadside parking where a path leaves the road, providing access to the south end of the beach with a 200 metre carry.

Aber Draw: (SM 834 324) g Very limited roadside parking by the sign marking the edge of Trefin. A 100 metre walk past a ruin leads to a small beach.

Porthgain: (SM 814 325) g Plenty of parking near the slipway into the harbour.

Porthselau: (SM 727 260) g It may be possible to park in the camping field above the beach - fee payable at Pencaran Farm. Short steep path to beach.

Porthstinian: (SM 724 252) g Small car park by the road. 100m carry with steep steps to a small shingle beach.

Caerfai: (SM 760 244) g Reasonably sized car park. 200 m carry down a steep track to the beach.

Pickleridge: (SM 809 067) g Large car parking area. Best near high water, as much mud becomes exposed when the tide is low.

Gelliswick Bay: (SM 888 057) g Car park and slipway near the sailing club.

Milford Haven: (SM 904 057) g Plenty of parking near a slipway into Milford Haven at the eastern end of the Marina, usable 5 hours either side of high water.

Hazelbeach: (SM 948 048) g Small car park. Pontoon provides access at most states of the tide.

Neyland Green Lane: (SM 966 048) g A lane to the west of a large car park runs down to the water. Usable 4 hours either side of high water.

Lawrenny Quay: (SN 011 061) g Car park, access possible across shingle at all states of tide.

Landshipping: (SN 011 118) g Slipway usable 5 hours either side of high water. Rather limited parking.

Picton Ferry: (SN 010 122) g Small parking area with a nearby ramp to the water.

Haverfordwest: (SM 956 154) g Slipway by the Bristol Trader Pub. Parking available in an adjacent car park and on the road nearby, but can be busy. Usable a hour either side of high water.

Freshwater West: (SR 886 996) g Parking area by the beach. May be busy with surfers. There are areas of quicksand on the beach.

Stackpole Quay: (SR 993 957) g Paid car park 150m up the road from a small beach.

Tenby South Beach: (SN 132 001) g Pay and display car park by the beach which can get busy - arrive early. If this is full there is a very large car park a short walk up the hill to the north east (Rectory pay and display car park)

Saundersfoot Coppet Hill: (SN 140 053) g Large car park next to the beach.

Wisemans Bridge: (SN 146 062) g Car parking by the beach.

Amroth: (SN 164 070) g Large free car park just back from the beach. Roadside parking close to the beach further east.

Suggested trips

Ramsey Island: The paddle around Ramsey makes for a fantastic trip. Clearly, good weather and a competent group well-versed in tidal planning and paddling will be required. Depending on the tides, the normal start points are Whitesands Bay or Porth Clais. Approaching from the north, Gwahan makes for a good place to pause. From here it is sensible to commit to the stream going around the west side of the island, as attempting to follow the slack water towards Ramsey can leave a group scattered as the flow divides around the Island. Although the the flow can certainly be felt on the west side of Ramsey, there are plenty of eddies and bays and progress can normally be made against the flow if needed. Depending on the season, there may be a profusion of seals here, making it hard or impossible to land for lunch. Be aware of the flows through the gaps in the islands south of Ramsey. Although confident paddlers with whitewater skills may well be able to make the short upstream move against the flow here, you may not wish to assume that the whole group will. A portage is often possible through a gap in the rocks north of the channel. Within Ramsey Sound, The Bitches form a famous tidal rapid, although an inshore route will normally be fairly straightforward. Be aware of Horse Rock - the overfalls here are best avoided when the tide is flowing - stick close to Ramsey until you are confident that you are downstream of this area.

Porth Clais to Solva: This section of coast makes a fine trip with excellent rock hopping. It provides good shelter from a northerly wind. The trip can easily be extended to Newgale if desired. A bus following the main road from Newgale to St.Davids via Solva is handy for a shuttle. Non-drivers would be wise to carry some cash for the tea shop in Solva or the pub at Newgale.

Skomer and Skokholm: The islands at the south end of St. Bride's Bay are surrounded by strong tides and home to a profusion of wildlife. Martin's Haven is the usual launch point, with no good alternatives south of here until beyond the entrance to Milford Haven. Strong tidal streams run around the islands, especially through Jack Sound, which you will need to ferry glide across. The area is best avoided when strong winds oppose the tidal stream. Care should be taken to avoid disturbing wildlife all along the coastline of these islands - more information here. From March to July inclusive, the areas around Bull Hole and The Wick on Skomer must be avoided. Between September and February inclusive, you must stay out of the east side of North Haven and give the point to the south of The Neck (out to Shag Rock) a wide berth. No landing is normally permitted on Skokholm, and North Haven is the only landing permitted on Skomer (fee to access the island).

Caldey Island: The trip around Caldey Island is an enjoyable, if short, paddle from Tenby. Tidal flows around the island can make for interesting conditions especially in Caldey Sound, at West Beacon Point and Chapel Point. Conditions on the south side of the island can be very different to those on the north side. Caldey Island, including the foreshore, is owned by the monastery. No landing is permitted on Sunday, but at other times, it is possible to land in Priory Bay and look around for a fee - see the website

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